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How to Crochet the Classic Granny Square

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Learning how to crochet the classic granny square is one of the first patterns that a beginner at crochet often learns how to make. The granny square is a design that can be used to create all kinds of fun projects.

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How to Crochet the Classic Granny Square

Easy-to-Learn Crochet Pattern

The basic granny square is a classic that is simply perfect for a beginner for many reasons. One is that it helps a new crocheter read a crochet pattern while making something that is quick to make. Another reason is that the pattern is repetitive. Once you get beyond round three, the pattern is a repeat of rounds two and three.

Granny Square Options

While the granny square can be worked using one solid color, it can be worked using a wide variety of colors in different rounds and specific stitches. This can be a wonderful way to use up yarn scraps.

These pretty squares can be small and joined together or you can keep adding rounds for an entire quilt.

Change the yarn type and hook size and you can make something that is chunky, as well as, something that is light and delicate like a shawl or tablecloth.

Perfect Pink and Charcoal Grey Granny Square
Perfect Pink and Charcoal Grey Granny Square

Basic Granny Square

Today, we will learn how to crochet the basic granny square. However, there are many, many variations of the granny square. Once you learn the basic concepts and stitches, it is fun to try new patterns too.

A classic granny square is worked in the round using double crochet and chain stitches.

Deft Blue and Charcoal Granny Square
Deft Blue and Charcoal Granny Square

Directions: How to Crochet the Classic Granny Square


Any type of yearn and crochet hook would work for this pattern. However, a nice and easy place to start with is a worsted weight yarn and a Size H (5.0 mm) crochet hook. A worsted weight yarn is like an all-purpose yarn that is of medium weight.

An easy way to choose the crochet hook for this project: Whatever you choose for a yarn, look on the package as it will tell you the yarn weight and the crochet hook recommended for the yarn.


CH = Chain

DC = Double Crochet

SC = Single Crochet

SL ST = Slip Stitch

SP = Space

ST = Stitch

STs = Stitches

YO = Yarn Over

[ ] repeat between

Granny Cluster, or shell: 

A granny cluster is a term for a special crochet stitch that consists of a set of 3 double crochets, all worked into one stitch or space. The clusters are then separated from one another with chain stitches.

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Beginning the Granny Square

Begin by making a Magic Circle. Directions for the magic circle can be found here. This is a detailed step-by-step tutorial on making the magic circle.

Beginning Granny Square with Magic Circle

The magic circle provides for a tighter center to the beginning round. Once the initial round is completed, you tighten the center hole snug by tugging on the beginning yarn tail.

First Round of Granny Stitch Using Two Methods to Start the Circle

An alternative way to begin this pattern is to CH 4 and SL ST into the first CH ST to form a circle. Then continue working the pattern inside the circle that is formed when completing that SL St into the first CH ST.

Chain Stitch to Form a Circle

Round 1

  1. Chain 3. (This counts as a DC.)
  2. In the foundation ring, work: 2 DC and CH 3.
  3. Continue working in the ring and work (3DC, CH 3) three times.
  4. Join with a SL ST into the 3rd CH of the beginning CH STs.
  5. This will complete the first round of the granny square. There should be 4 clusters of 3 DC with 4 areas of CH 3 between. (The CH 3 Spaces are the corners.)
Round 1 Granny Square

Round 2

  1. Chain 4. (This counts as 1 DC plus CH 1.)
  2. In the next CH 3 SP work (3 DC, CH 3, 3 DC, CH 1).
  3. In the next 2- CH 3 Spaces, work (3 DC, CH 3, 3 DC, CH 1). You should now have three sets of 3 DC, 3- CH 3 Spaces, and 3-CH 1 Spaces.
  4. In the last CH 3 SP, work (3 DC, CH 3, 2 DC).
  5. End the round by joining with a SL ST into the 3rd CH of the beginning CH STs. (You should have 8 shells, 4 chain 3 spaces, and 4 CH 1 spaces).
Granny Square Round 3

Round 3

  1. Chain 3. (This counts as 1 DC.)
  2. Then into the same space, work: 2 DC, CH 1. (This completes the first granny cluster of this round.)
  3. Skip the 3 DC of the previous row. In the next CH 3 SP, work (3 DC, CH 3, 3 DC, Ch 1).
  4. In the next CH 1 SP work 3 DC and 1 CH.
  5. Skip to the CH 3 Space in the corner and work (3 DC, CH 3, 3 DC, Ch 1).
  6. Repeat steps 4 and 5 two more times until all 4 corners are complete.
  7. After the last DC in the CH 3 space CH 1 and SL ST into the top ST of the first DC of this round. (You should have 12 shells and 4-CH 1 spaces and 4 CH 3 spaces after the completion of this round).
Basic Crochet Granny Square

Round 4 and Beyond

Repeat rounds 2 and 3.

Now that you know the pattern, you can keep adding rows to make the granny square as large as you like.

Finishing Each Square:

Pull the yarn through the last ST. Leave about a 12 inch yarn tail. Using the yarn needle, weave the yarn back and forth through the crochet stitches until a bit snug. Cut off excess.

Granny Square Crochet Tutorials

If you prefer a video on how to crochet a granny square, that is here for you too.

How to Crochet a Granny Square

How to Change Color on a Granny Square

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I hope that you liked this pattern. If you are looking for more ideas for crocheted projects, here are a few others you may enjoy.

Crochet Tutorials

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